Competences in the field of reproductive biology

  • Use of gender-selected semen, regulating the oestrous cycle, pathologies of sex organs in cattle
  • Diagnostic aid for reproductive problems in dairy cows and application of different methods to improve fecundity
  • Application of transgenic cloning methods for the production of biopharmaceuticals in milk

Competences related to animal genetics and breeding

  • Research methods are applied at the institute Laboratory of Genetics to genetically identify various genetic markers (blood types, DNA markers) which enable the researches to verify the authenticity of lineage/parentage.   The latter is necessary in the case of purchase or sale of pure-bred animals and semen, as it is important to substantiate that multiple births are identical, and to verify sire evaluation results on the basis of offspring.
  • Identification and detection of genetic defects by means of DNA analysis enables breeders to prevent production of recessive homozygous animals when selecting mating pairs.
  • Elimination of rams carrying Prp genotypes with a high risk of scrapie, aimed at increasing the scrapie resistance of the entire herd.
  • Selection of animals on the basis of hereditary types of milk proteins, aimed at improving technological properties of milk.

Competences of the Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine

  • Udder health problems
  • Podiatric diseases in cattle
  • Laboratory diagnostics of metabolic disorders
  • Assessment of reproductive disorders in cattle; birthing assistance; analysis for determining reproductive status of a herd
  • Diagnostics and treatment of dermatological diseases
  • Determination of the metabolic status of animals via biochemical blood analysis

Feeding of livestock and poultry

  • Factors affecting the chemical composition, absorption and quality of animal feedstuffs
  • Effect of different feeding and rearing strategies on bovine health
  • Effect of different feeding and rearing strategies on milk quality
  • Factors affecting the chemical composition and rennet coagulation of milk
  • Development of healthy milk and meat products
  • Ration formulation

Animal health and the environment

  • Health risks to dairy cows in different rearing systems
  • Monitoring the welfare of individual members of a dairy herd
  • Assessment of animal behaviour and well-being in relation to specific rearing environments
  • Pollutant emissions in animal farming; production of biogas
  • Microbial resistance to antibiotics
  • Acute phase proteins in livestock and their use as infection markers
  • Molecular composition of skeletal muscles in animals

Competences of the Department of Infectious Diseases

  • Prevention and control of viral diseases in cattle (rhinotracheitis, viral diarrhoea, respiratory-syncytial virus etc.)
  • Epidemiology and control of porcine circovirosis and mycoplasmosis in swine
  • Bacteriological testing of milk, urine, skin, blood and pathological material; determination of antibiograms
  • Aetiology of mycobacteriosis and molecular epidemiology; laboratory diagnostics of tuberculosis and paratuberculosis in cattle and poultry
  • Optimization of parasite control strategies on pig farms
  • Control of parasites in cattle
  • Laboratory diagnostics and control of eimeriosis, cryptosporidiosis and neosporosis